TLDR: They’re not machetes. They’re kukris.
When your character absolutely, positively must hack an appendage free from another bag of human meat and bones, consider the kukri. Although the oversized blade design recalls machetes, kukris are their own distinct category of carnage, and for good reason. Here’s the scoop on these devastating knives.
Distinct Features of Kukris
The kukri’s distinct boomerang-shaped blade makes it easy to pick one out of a crowd. Here, let’s see if you can spot one from this mix:
If you guessed the one that looks like a boomerang, congratulations. You read the previous three sentences.
That illustration isn’t to scale, but kukris are on the larger side of knives. They’re also fixed blade knives, meaning the blade doesn’t fold into the handle. That makes it simple to spot the other defining feature of a kukri, that being a notch in the blade near the handle. It looks like this:No one is certain of these notches’ purpose. There are the usual claims about directing blood away from the blade, although that brings to mind the malarkey about blood grooves. Others say it can block an attack from another kukri, but that smells like hyperbole.
You ask me, the notch makes for a natural starting/stopping point for an abrasive when sharpening the edge. It also separates the sharpened edge from the operator’s hand. Wouldn’t want to slip a finger forward too far onto that edge.
About that Spelling
You’ll see “kukri” spelled a few different ways, and none of them are necessarily incorrect. “Kuhkri” is just as valid as “kukri” and “khukri.” I like “kukri” because it’s easier to remember. When writing, pick a spelling and stick with it. If you’re mouthing the word right now while reading this paragraph, pronounce it like “kuh-kree,” although the Midwesterner in me always wants to say “koo-kree.”
Outside of that, kukris are sometimes called “Gurkha knives,” “gurkha knives,” “gorkha knives” or “Gorkhas knives.” It’s fine to use those, too. They all refer to the same thing.
The Gurkhas, in this case, are soldiers from Nepal (although that name applies to a place as well as to a people, depending on the instance). Their signature knife, the kukri, is what made the Gurkhas one of the most formidable fighting forces in the world. The British military, armed with modern-for-that-time-period weapons, had a hell of a time fighting the kukri-armed Gurkhas in the early 1800s. That led to parts of Nepal coming under British rule, which meant brigades of Gurkhas (and their kukris) joined the ranks of the European monarchy’s military.
The Gurkhas kept their kukris in use all the way through today. That’s how essential and effective this knife is, which makes one wonder why it’s not mentioned in fiction more often.
What Makes the Kukri So Effective?
The key is that blade design. Most of the weight is toward the end of the blade, which maximizes the force of the cut. The curve nestles the target into the edge, giving the knife more inches per cut compared to a straight blade, such as a machete.
That doesn’t mean a machete is worse than a kukri. It means that a kukri is better for chopping, whereas a machete is more suited to hacking. If that doesn’t make sense, think of a kukri as a cross between a machete and a “regular” fixed blade knife, or like a more portable sickle.
Now apply all that to a combat situation. You don’t need much of an imagination to realize how gruesome things could become. In skilled hands, the kukri could take an adversary’s limb or head (or both!) clean off with ease.
That said, what makes the kukri an effective weapon also makes it a versatile tool. There’s a good reason the kukri’s heritage in Nepal goes back centuries. Civilization in that part of the world rested on its edge. That’s one of the reasons I find knives so interesting. Their history is forever linked to our collective survival.
Using the Kukri in Fiction
Kukris can be found in hands around the world in some capacity, which gives you plenty of options to use them a weapon or tool in fiction. Keep in mind these knives’ biggest drawbacks, though. They’re big and bulky, which means they’re difficult to conceal. They also require a higher degree of ability or training. It’ll take some time to learn how to control that blade. Don’t forget the sheath, too.
Outside of that, I think you’ll stand out as a writer by calling these knives by their names in your stories. They’re not machetes. They’re kukris. They earned it.
Get the Book
The Writer’s Guide to Weapons: A Practical Reference for Using Firearms and Knives in Fiction (Writer’s Digest Books) distills complex weapons topics into easy-to-understand concepts for fiction writers. Pick up a print or digital copy from these fine retailers: